Shock absorption technology revolves around the theory of energy absorption. All moving objects possess a type of kinetic energy, which is energy that an object has because it moves in some way. The amount of energy an object has depends on its weight and its velocity. There are several common types of shock absorbers used.
Rubber bumpers and springs are a popular, if basic, shock absorption solution. Although they’re very cost-effective, they have a habit of recoiling. Most of the energy that is absorbed by rubber bumpers and springs at impact is stored. This stored energy is then returned to the load they’re trying to absorb the shock from, which produces rebound, and can potentially damage the load or the machinery it’s in.
Cylinder cushions are not generally capable of absorbing energy generated by a system. They operate at lower pressures, and when this is combined with their short stroke, it results in a very low energy absorption rate. The remaining energy, like with rubber bumpers and springs, is then transferred to the machinery. Again, this can cause damage.
Lastly, there are industrial shock absorbers, which work by converting kinetic energy into thermal energy. Thermal energy refers to the internal energy of a system, which is responsible any changes in its temperature. The motion applied to the piston of a hydraulic shock absorber pressurises the fluid in the system. It then forces it to flow through restricting openings, causing the fluid to heat rapidly. Finally, the thermal energy is transferred to the system’s cylinder body, and the energy is harmlessly dissipated into the atmosphere.
Understanding the differences between standard automotive shock absorbers and industrial shock absorbers is crucial. Automotive shock absorbers employ a deflective beam and washer orifices, whereas, industrial shock absorbers use single orifices, multi-orifices, and metering pin configurations.
Shock absorbers need to be properly adjusted to safely rid your machine of excess energy, reduce damaging shocks, and reduce noise levels. Watching and listening to a shock absorber while it is functioning will be able to tell you whether or not it has been properly adjusted.
There are many advantages of using shock absorbers. The use of shock absorbers could lengthen the life of your industrial machines, as they decease damage caused through shock and vibration, and protect the machine by offering a controlled deceleration solution. This makes your machines much safer to use, reduces maintenance costs, and reduces machine downtime.
With shock absorbers in place, your machines can operate at higher speeds, which will improve production rates and even production quality, because the negative side effects of production, like noise, vibration, and damaging impacts, are essentially eliminated.
Your shock absorbers can give you a competitive advantage over your competition. Machines become more valuable when shock absorbers are used, because shock absorbers increate the life and productivity of a machine. While you’ll also benefit from lower costs and safer operation, so will your clients, or any one you sell the machine onto later. Shock absorbers are the way forward for productivity in industry.